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Wadi hammeh 27 dating

The test pit revealed a trio of large, engraved slabs, wedged diagonally in the trench and after this find, and Mc Nicoll was sure of the site’s importance and supported Edwards to work there in 1980s, he noted.

The 2014 season also produced several important artefacts, including some with close parallels to items found at the dawn of research into the Natufian culture nearly a century ago.

Of the basaltic artefacts, the most notable finds were two diminutive items (Figure 4); the first, a zoomorphic pestle (RN140049), and the second, a phalliform basaltic pestle (RN140053).

The key decorative features of RN 140049 are a raised band circumscribing the shaft near the distal end and an obliquely shaped terminus.

The recent season yielded three additional clusters on the phase 2 floor (Figure 2).

Artefact cluster 19 comprised a pair of large flint blades nearly 10cm long, an unusually large size for Wadi Hammeh 27; artefact cluster 20 consisted of three lightly reduced and apparently heat-treated flint cores, and two limestone cobbles; artefact cluster 21 (Figure 3) included a cache of 138 dentalium (Figure 3.

A flat stone is placed at the centre of the stone group, and the feature may have functioned as a post-support, as did several similar features in phase 1 (Edwards 2013: 71).

The pit that cuts the feature was itself capped by a roughly rectangular stone platform in phase 1.

Wadi Hammeh 27 was discovered when Edwards’ mentor Tony Mc Nicoll asked Australian geologist Phillip Macumber to investigate the geological basis of the Pella tell (Khirbet Fahl) in the 1980/81 season, Edwards said, adding that Macumber explored the area of Wadi Hammeh and found “a virtual El Dorado” of prehistoric occurrencess from the Middle Palaeolithic, Upper Palaeolithic and Early Epipalaeolithic periods.